Timeline Project entries from 8 December, 2009 to 15 December, 2009


In the course of the battle, the Austro-Hungarian armies were severely defeated and forced out of Galicia, while the Russians captured Lemberg and, for approximately nine months, ruled Eastern Galicia

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1914-12-16Raid on Scarborough, Hartlepool and Whitby

The attack resulted in 137 fatalities and 592 casualties, many of which were civilians

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1915-08-061915-08-13Krithia Vineyard

Instead, the British commander, Brigadier General Street, mounted a futile and bloody series of attacks that in the end gained a small patch of ground known as 'The Vineyard'

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1918-04-23Zeebrugge Raid

The port was used by the German Navy as a base for their U-boats and light shipping, which was a serious threat to Allied shipping, especially in the English Channel

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1916-09-121916-09-14Malka Nidzhe

It lasted for three days and ended in victory for the Entente forces

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1914-10-29Odessa (1914)

At the time of battle the Ottoman Navy had just launched a major raid into the Black Sea to destroy the Russian Black Sea Fleet and to attack targets on land

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1918-07-181918-07-22Soissons (1918)

Ferdinand Foch, the Allied Supreme Commander, planned a major counter-offensive on 18 July; 24 French divisions, including several British Divisions, and the Buffalo Soldiers 92nd Infantry Division (United States) then under French command, and reinfo...

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Austro-Hungarian forces, reinforced by German units, were able to break into the Italian front line and rout the Italian army, which had practically no mobile reserves

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1916-02-10Dogger Bank (1916)

Three German torpedo boat flotillas sortied into the North Sea and encountered the British Fifteenth Mine-sweeping Flotilla near Dogger Bank

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1914-09-051914-09-12First the Marne

It resulted in an Allied victory against the German Army under Chief of Staff Helmuth von Moltke the Younger

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1914-10-011915-07-11Rufiji Delta

The battle was a series of attempts to sink the blockaded German cruiser that eventually resulted in the destruction of Konigsberg

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The invasion of Belgium was the event that triggered the United Kingdom's entry into the war; the unexpected vigor of the city's defense allowed more time for the western Allies to organize and prepare their defense of France

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1916-07-141916-09-15Delville Wood

It took place between 14 July and 3 September, between the armies of the German Empire and allied British and South African forces

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1915-10-141915-11-09Morava Offensive Operation

Under the command of Lieutenant General Kliment Boyadzhiev the Bulgarians seized the fortified areas of Pirot, Nis and the valley of the river Morava

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1918-07-151918-08-06Second the Marne

The German attack failed when an Allied counterattack led by French and American forces overwhelmed the Germans, inflicting severe casualties

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1914-12-101915-04-10Hill 60 (Western Front)

Hill 60 was not a natural highpoint, but was created as a result of the digging of the nearby railway cutting

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1916-04-271916-04-29Gas attack at Hulluch

The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers on the night of the 27th suffered a heavily-concentrated German chlorine gas attack near the German-held village of Hulluch, a mile north of Loos

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1917-09-281917-09-29Ramadi (1917)

The 15th Indian Division was sent to the town of Ramadi, about 100 kilometers (60 miles) west of Baghdad on the south bank of the Euphrates River, where an important Ottoman garrison was quartered

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The attack was made (after a long night march) by Australian, British and New Zealand mounted troops against a well entrenched Ottoman force

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1917-03-26First Gaza

Britain's three major war objectives were to maintain maritime supremacy, preserve the balance of power in Europe, and the security of Egypt, India, and the Persian Gulf

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1917-03-16Action of 16 March 1917

After leaving port in March disguised as the Norwegian freighter Rena Norge, the Leopard set sail on its mission to disrupt Allied commerce

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1914-08-261914-09-02Komarow (1914)

The prewar planning for a joint Austro-German war with Russia entailed an immediate offensive

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1918-10-241918-11-03Vittorio Veneto

Some Italians see Vittorio Veneto as the final culmination of the nationalist movement, in which Italy was unified

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1918-08-311918-09-03Mont Saint-Quentin

The British Fourth Army's commander, General Henry Rawlinson, described the Australian advances of August 31 - September 4 as the greatest military achievement of the war

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1918-04-04Action of 4 April 1918

On April 4, 1918, three armed transports, US Armed Transports , and were steaming back to the United States in convoy after having completed a troop transportation voyage to France

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1914-09-22Action of 22 September 1914

Approximately 1450 sailors were killed, and there was a public outcry at the losses

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1917-11-13Mughar Ridge

Fighting occurred over an extensive area north of the Gaza-Beersheba line and west of the road from Beersheba to Jerusalem via Hebron

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1914-10-191914-10-22First Ypres

The German and Western Allied attempts to secure the town from enemy occupation included a series of further battles in and around the West Flanders Belgian municipality

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1916-07-01Taif (1916)

Ottoman Army was in Taif, Syed's forces besieged the city and after many weeks siege and fiercest struggle Syed's forces were able to capture the Taif

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1916-05-311916-06-01Night action at the Jutland

The battle was the only direct engagement between the two fleets throughout World War The war had already been waged for two years without any major sea battle, and many of the people present did not expect that this patrol would end differently

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1914-09-281914-10-10Siege of Antwerp

The German army invaded Belgium on the morning of August 4, 1914, two days after the decision of the Belgian government not to allow German troops unhindered passage to France

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The German auxiliary cruiser was steaming in South American waters on her commerce raiding mission when she came across several German colliers, trapped in the region by the allied navy's Western approaches

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1917-10-161917-11-03Moon Sound

The Germans captured the West Estonian archipelago (Moonsund archipelago), with its main islands of Saaremaa (osel), Hiiumaa (Dago), and Muhu (Moon) during Operation Albion in September 1917

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The operation, carried out midway between the British-occupied village of Fleurbaix and that of Fromelles behind the German lines, sought to retake a salient just north of the latter, situated at about 16 kilometres (9

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1917-10-17Action off Lerwick

The British regularly shipped coal across the North Sea from Norway in 1917, these convoys were lightly defended so the German Navy took advantage of the situation

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1918-09-271918-10-01The Canal du Nord

To avoid the risk of having extensive German reserves massed against a single Allied attack, the assault along the Canal du Nord was undertaken as part of a number of closely sequenced Allied attacks at separate points along the Western Front

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1918-09-15Dobro Pole

The battle resulted in a decisive Entente victory, with a defeated Bulgaria left to sign an armistice, which removed it from World War I

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1917-03-17Action of 17 March 1917

Two flotillas of German torpedo boats set out from the coast of Flanders and split

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It ended with a Montenegrin victory

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1914-09-11Bita Paka

Similar to New Zealand's operation against German Samoa in August, the main target of the operation was a strategically important wireless station-one of several used by the German East Asiatic Squadron-believed to be located in the area

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1915-08-061915-08-15Landing at Suvla Bay

The landing, which commenced on the night of 6 August 1915, was intended to support a breakout from the Anzac sector, five miles (8 km) to the south

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1915-02-071915-02-22Second the Masurian Lakes

The offensive was intended to advance beyond the Vistula River and perhaps knock Russia out of the war

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1918-03-261918-03-27Action of Khan Baghdadi

On 9 March 1918, it advanced and occupied the town of Hit in a bloodless victory, the Ottoman forces evacuating without a shot being fired

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1915-11-221915-11-25Ctesiphon (1915)

Indian Expeditionary Force D, mostly made up of Indian units and under the command of Gen Sir John Nixon, had met with success in Mesopotamia since landing at Al Faw upon the Ottoman Empire's Declaration of War on November 5, 1914

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1917-03-10Action of 10 March 1917

Although the Germans won the battle, their ship was badly damaged and they were forced to end their raid and return to Germany

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1915-08-081915-08-19The Gulf of Riga

The operation's objective was to destroy the Russian naval forces in the Gulf and facilitate the fall of Riga to the German army in the later stages of the Central Powers' offensive on the Eastern Front in 1915

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1916-04-24Bombardment of Yarmouth and Lowestoft

The German fleet sent a battlecruiser squadron with accompanying cruisers and destroyers-commanded by Rear Admiral Friedrich Bodicker-to bombard the coastal ports of Yarmouth and Lowestoft

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German forces led by Vice-Admiral Graf Maximilian von Spee met and defeated a Royal Navy squadron commanded by Rear-Admiral Sir Christopher Cradock

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1917-07-011917-07-02Zborov (1917)

The battle was the first significant action of the Czechoslovak Legions (volunteers fighting against the Central Powers) on the Eastern Front and the only successful action of the failed offensive

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The United States Army Air Service (which later became the United States Air Force) played a significant role in this action

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It began on 7 June 1917 when the British Second Army under the command of General Herbert Plumer launched an offensive near the village of Mesen (Messines) in West Flanders, Belgium

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1917-09-261917-09-27Polygon Wood

However, much of the woodland had been under intense shelling during the Battle of Passchendaele, and the area changed hands many times throughout the course of the campaign

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The German light cruiser attacked the British cable station on Direction Island and was engaged several hours later by the Australian light cruiser

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1915-04-25Landing at Cape Helles

Helles, at the foot of the peninsula, was the main landing area

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1916-11-28Prunaru Charge

After the Danube was breached by German, Bulgarian and Ottoman troops under the command of General August von Mackensen, and after German-Austro-Hungarian forces under the command of General Erich von Falkenhayn crossed the Carpathians, the Central Po...

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1918-09-281918-10-02Fifth Ypres

After the German Spring Offensive of 1918 was stopped, German morale waned and the increasing numbers of American soldiers arriving on the Western Front gave western allies a growing advantage over the German forces

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1916-10-011916-11-05Le Transloy

With the successful conclusion of the preceding Battle of Morval at the end of September, the Fourth Army of Lieutenant General Henry Rawlinson had finally captured the third line of German defences on the Somme

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1916-10-261916-10-27Dover Strait (1916)

Two and a half flotillas of German torpedo boats from the Flanders Flotilla launched a raid into the Dover Strait in an attempt to disrupt the Dover Barrage and destroy whatever Allied shipping could be found in the strait

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1918-03-30Moreuil Wood

This defeat at the hands of the Allies contributed to the halt of the German Spring Offensive of 1918

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1915-05-011915-09-18Gorlice-Tarnow Offensive

The continued series of actions lasted the majority of the campaigning season for 1915, starting in early May and only ending due to bad weather in October

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Because of the hastiness of the German attack, however, the Russian army emerged victorious

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1917-04-19Second Gaza

The First Battle of Gaza of 26 March 1917 was a fiasco for the Allies after the commander, General Charles Dobell, made the decision to withdraw when his troops were in a position to seize victory

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1915-04-221915-05-25Second Ypres

Julien-Kitcheners' Wood

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1914-07-281914-08-10Pursuit of Goeben and Breslau

The German ships evaded the British fleet and passed through the Dardanelles to reach Constantinople where their arrival was a catalyst that contributed to the Ottoman Empire joining the Central Powers by issuing a declaration of war against the Tripl...

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The operation was planned to occur in tandem with the Namoloasa offensive; however, this operation was abandoned before it began

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1915-03-101915-03-23Neuve Chapelle

It was a British offensive in the Artois region and broke through at Neuve-Chapelle but they were unable to exploit the advantage

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1915-09-251915-10-14Hohenzollern Redoubt

The British first attacked the Redoubt on September 25, 1915, the first day of the Battle of Loos (historians generally take the battle to have lasted from September 25-October 13)

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1918-10-02Durazzo (1918)

The fleet destroyed the Austro-Hungarian shore defenses and skirmished with a small naval force

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1917-03-081917-03-11Fall of Baghdad (1917)

On 11 March 1917, after a series of defeats, it captured Baghdad after a two-year campaign

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1914-08-26Le Cateau

On the morning of 26 August, the Germans arrived and heavily attacked the British forces commanded by General Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien

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1916-01-16Action of 16 January 1916

Most successful of German commerce raiders during the war, was commanded by Corvette Captain Nikolaus zu Dohna-Schlodien and was assigned to duty in the Atlantic

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1914-09-241915-03-22Siege of Przemysl

The investment of Przemysl began on September 24, 1914 and was briefly suspended on October 11 due to an Austro-Hungarian offensive

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On the night of August 3, 1916, an Ottoman army, under the command of Friedrich Freiherr Kress von Kressenstein, attacked the British Empire forces at Romani

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During this battle the British successfully held the line in their sector, against repeated German assaults

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1918-05-09Second Ostend Raid

The German Navy had used the port since 1915 as a base for their U-boat activities during the battle of the Atlantic and the strategic advantages conferred by the Belgian ports in the conflict were very important

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1914-10-101914-11-02La Bassee

The German 6th Army took Lille before the British force could secure the town, while the 4th Army arrived and attacked the exposed British flank at Ypres

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1917-10-31Beersheba (1917)

7 mi) to overrun and capture the last remaining Ottoman trenches, and secure the surviving wells at Birussebi

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1918-04-071918-04-29The Lys (1918)

It was originally planned by General Ludendorff as Operation George but reduced to become Operation Georgette, with the objective of capturing Ypres and forcing the British forces back to the Channel ports (and thereby out of the war)

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1914-09-22Bombardment of Papeete

French shore batteries and a gunboat resisted the German intrusion, but were greatly outgunned

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The two Austrian vessels at Antivari became cut off and were forced to fight an engagement in order to attempt to free themselves

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1918-08-26The Scarpe (1918)

The Canadian Corps advanced over 5 kilometers and captured the towns of Monchy-le-Preux and Wancourt

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The Allied force comprised three Greek divisions under Lieutenant General Emmanouil Zymvrakakis plus one French brigade

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1915-07-101915-07-26Manzikert (1915)

Even though losses were heavy on both sides, the ground situation changed little by the end of the action

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It was a subsidiary action of the Battle of the Frontiers, in which the Allies clashed with Germany on the French borders

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1914-09-20Zanzibar (1914)

The German cruiser had been taking on coal in the delta of the Rufiji River when her crew were told that a British cruiser, , which had been part of the Royal Navy's Cape Squadron sent to counter Koningsberg, had put in at Zanzibar for repairs

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The sheer number of troops involved, as well as the large area of operations, make it one of the most complex battles fought on Romanian soil during the war

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With the French under heavy pressure at Arras the order was given that the British force would provide relief by attacking the Germans around Givenchy, thus preventing German reinforcement of Arras from that quarter

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1914-11-10Basra (1914)

The battle resulted in the British capture of Basra

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1918-04-231918-04-24First Ostend Raid

Ostend was attacked in conjunction with the neighbouring harbour of Zeebrugge on 23 April in order to block the vital strategic port of Bruges, situated 6 mi (5

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Field Marshal Douglas Haig was not eager to carry out any offensives until the assault on the Hindenburg Line itself, influenced by mounting British losses from previous battles that year - over 600,000 casualties since March, 180,000 of those in the ...

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At the time, Penang was part of the Straits Settlement, a British Crown Colony

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1914-08-241914-09-28Great Retreat

The Allies were closely pursued by the Germans, acting under the Schlieffen Plan

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The attacking forces of the Arab Revolt, led by Auda ibu Tayi and Lawrence ('Lawrence of Arabia'), were victorious over the Turkish defenders

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Many of the tactics used were illustrative of the departure from the largely unsuccessful tactics of earlier years and the development of modern military tactics such as the use of combined arms, which had previously been implemented in the Battle of ...

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1917-03-131917-04-23Samarrah Offensive

After Baghdad fell to the British on March 11, 1917, there were still 10,000 Ottoman troops north of the city, led by Khalil Pasha, who could represent a threat to Anglo-Indian forces

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1914-09-22Bombardment of Madras

The bombardment was initiated by the German light cruiser at the start of the war in 1914

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1914-08-171914-09-14Russian invasion of East Prussia (1914)

As well as being the natural course for the Russians to take upon the declaration of war with Germany, it was also an attempt to focus German military eyes on the Eastern Front, as opposed to the Western Front, where France was increasingly under the ...

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1918-10-141918-10-19Courtrai (1918)

After the successful breaking of the Hindenburg Line (see the Fifth Battle of Ypres), the Allies conceived a strategy of pursuing the Germans for as long as possible (until stopped by the winter rains)

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Ultimately the Germans were victorious with about half of the Polish forces surrendering and the rest retreating in disarray

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1916-08-181916-08-19Action of 19 August 1916

Twenty four submarines were also deployed, off the English coast, in the southern North Sea and off the Dogger Bank

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1914-10-011914-10-04Arras (1914)

The French Tenth Army, led by Louis Maud'huy, attacked the advancing German forces on 1 October, initially experiencing success until they reached the town of Douai

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1917-04-091917-04-12Vimy Ridge

The main combatants were the Canadian Corps against three divisions of the German Sixth Army

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The battle was fought between the Austro-Hungarian Army and Serbian forces

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1918-09-261918-11-11Meuse-Argonne Offensive

The whole offensive was planned by Marshal Ferdinand Foch to breach the Hindenburg line and ultimately force the opposing German forces to capitulate

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1918-01-17USS Monocacy Incident

It was one of many incidents at the time involving armed Chinese men firing on foreign vessels At the beginning of World War I, the European nations with flotillas on the Yangtze withdrew their vessels to reinforce their fleets in Europe

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The outcome was a Russian victory

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1915-12-281915-12-29Durazzo (1915)

In December 1915, the Austro-Hungarian Navy sent another cruiser Squadron into the Adriatic, this time to interfere with the Serbian Campaign

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1915-05-091915-05-15Second Artois

Even though the French under General Philippe Petain gained some initial victories, the battle ended in what was largely a stalemate

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1914-11-03Raid on Yarmouth

Little damage was done to the town since shells only landed on the beach after German ships laying mines offshore were interrupted by British destroyers

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1915-05-231915-05-24Bombardment of Ancona

Forces of the Austro-Hungarian Navy attacked and bombarded military and civilian targets all across Ancona in central Italy and several other nearby islands and communities in response to Italy's declaration of war on Austria-Hungary

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Already for some time the Austrian commander-in-chief, General Conrad von Hotzendorf, had been proposing the idea of a Strafexpedition that would lethally cripple the Italian ex-ally, claimed to be guilty of having betrayed the Triple Alliance, and in...

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These villages were originally objectives of the major British offensive of 15 September, the Battle of Flers-Courcelette

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1916-10-011916-11-11The Ancre Heights

Lieutenant General Hubert Gough's Reserve Army had finally managed to break out of the positions it had occupied since the start of the Somme fighting (1 July) and Gough intended to maintain the pressure on the German forces on the high ground above t...

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1915-03-14Mas a Tierra

The battle saw the last remnant of the German East Asia Squadron destroyed, after was cornered and sunk in Cumberland Bay

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Despite being outnumbered, the Bulgarian Third Army was victorious and took Southern Dobruja, pushing the Russian and Romanian forces further north and defeating them once again at the Lake Oltina - Kara Omer - Mangalia line

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It was a major clash between the Russian Army and the Polish Legions (part of the Austro-Hungarian Army) during the opening phase of the Brusilov Offensive

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1914-09-141914-09-17Siege of Toma

Australian forces had been dispatched to seize and destroy German wireless stations in the south-west Pacific because they were used by the German East Asian Cruiser Squadron of Vice-Admiral Maximilian von Spee which threatened merchant shipping in th...

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1915-05-09Aubers Ridge

The battle was the initial British component of the combined Anglo-French offensive known as the Second Battle of Artois

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1916-03-181916-04-01Lake Naroch Offensive

As the French situation was becoming more and more severe, General Joffre appealed to the other Allies for a diversionary action someplace else in order to compel the Germans to withdraw part of their forces from Verdun

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1917-10-261917-11-10Second Passchendaele

The battle took place in the Ypres Salient area of the Western Front, in and around the Belgian town of Passchendaele, between 26 October 1917 and 10 November 1917

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1917-08-151917-08-25Hill 70

The battle took place along the Western Front on the outskirts of Lens in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France between 15 August 1917 and 25 August 1917

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1915-09-251915-11-06Second Champagne

On the first days, the offensive was successful and the Germans lost ground

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1915-01-24Dogger Bank (1915)

Decoded radio intercepts had given the British advance knowledge that a German raiding squadron was heading for Dogger Bank, so they dispatched their own naval forces to intercept it

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The British conquest of German East Africa was planned as a two-pronged invasion of the German colony, at (1) the port town of Tanga and (2) the settlement Longido on the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro

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The French were planning an attack across the Sambre River, when the Germans launched an attack of their own

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The Ottoman forces, led by Colmar Freiherr von der Goltz were besieging Kut, when the Anglo-Indian relief force, led by Lieutenant-General Fenton Aylmer, attempted to relieve the city

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The outnumbered Armenian defenders managed to turn back the invading Ottoman forces, which broke the armistice, signed on December 1917, with Transcaucasian commissariat entering Western Armenia, conquering Erznka, Erzerum, Sarighamish, Kars and Alexa...

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1917-10-12First Passchendaele

The Allied attack failed to capture and hold the German-held high ground along the Passchendaele-Westrozebeke ridge and resulted in significant Allied casualties

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1917-04-171917-04-20The Hills

The battle takes place east of Rheims, between Prunay and Auberive, in the province of Champagne, along the solid mass of Moronvilliers which includes seven mountains: Mont Cornillet (206 m), Mont-Blond (211 m), Mont-Haut (257 m), Mont Perthuis (232 m...

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1918-10-081918-10-10Cambrai (1918)

The battle took place in and around the French city of Cambrai, between 8 and 10 October 1918

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Bitlis first fell to the 2nd Caucasian Corps on March 2 just as Kemal's advance guard was arriving in Bitlis

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1916-12-01The Arges

In late November 1916 Germano-Bulgarian forces under August von Mackensen crossed the Danube near Zimnicea under the cover of fog and began to march on Bucharest

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1915-12-011916-02-01Battle for Lake Tanganyika

The intention was to secure control of the strategically important Lake Tanganyika, which had been dominated by German naval units since the beginning of the war

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1917-10-311917-11-07Third Gaza

The critical moment of the battle was the capture of the town of Beersheba on the first day by Australian Light Horse units

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1917-04-161917-05-09Second the Aisne

Robert Nivelle, Commander-in-Chief of the French army, initiated the plan in December 1916 after he replaced Joseph Joffre, who had been disgraced by a series of strategic defeats

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The German Ninth Army led by August von Mackensen attacked the Russian Second Army, under General Smirnov, near the Polish village of Bolimow, lying on the railway line connecting todz and Warsaw

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1917-11-17Action of 17 November 1917

The action was fought between a German U-boat and two United States Navy destroyers in the North Atlantic Ocean

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To remedy the problem the Germans invaded Portuguese East Africa in an attempt to escape superior British forces to the north and resupply from captured Portuguese materiel

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After the Battle of Cer, the Serbian army retreated to the right bank of the Kolubara River

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Gellibrand's advance began well but ended with a disastrous, ill planned and ill executed 'unauthorised' attack on Noreuil

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It was part of the larger French Artois Offensive and was undertaken to assist the French near Arras by preventing German reserve troops from being available to move there

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It resulted in a German Army victory against the French Army

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1915-09-151915-11-04Third Artois

The offensive, meant to complement Champagne offensive, was the French commander-in-chief Joffre's last attempt to exploit the Allies numerical advantage over Germany

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In 1917, the Russian Caucasus Front collapsed following the abdication of the Tsar

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Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck was appointed the military commander of the German colonial forces known as the Schutztruppe protection force in German East Africa on 13 April 1914

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1918-06-151918-06-23The Piave River

With the exit of Russia from the war in 1917, Austria-Hungary was now able to devote significant forces to the Italian Front and to receive reinforcements from their German allies

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The battle is significant for the first use of the tank in warfare

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1916-07-011916-11-18The Somme

The battle consisted of an offensive by the British and French armies against the German Army, which since invading France in August 1914 had occupied large areas of that country

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1915-10-141915-11-15Ovche Pole Offensive Operation

Its aim was to seize the valley of the river Vardar and cut the vital railway linking Skopje with Thesaloniki and thus prevent the Serbian Army from being resupplied and reinforced by the Allied Expeditionary Force

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1914-12-08The Falkland Islands

The British, after a defeat at the Battle of Coronel on 1 November, sent a large force to track down and destroy the victorious German cruiser squadron

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The battle was part of a French attempt to recover the province of Alsace, which the French had been forced to cede to the newly formed German Empire following France's defeat by Prussia and other independent German states in the Franco-Prussian War o...

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1917-11-17Second Heligoland Bight

On 17 November 1917, German minesweepers clearing a path through the British minefield in the Heligoland Bight near the coast of Germany were intercepted by two British light cruisers, and , performing counter-minesweeping duties

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Skinner withdrew back into Trekkopjes and dug in his forces

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1915-07-01Kara Killisse (1915)

Black church, Turkish: Karakilise Muharebesi) was a battle on the Caucasus front in July 1915 after the Battle of Manzikert

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1914-11-111914-12-06todz (1914)

It was fought between the German Ninth Army and the Russian First, Second, and Fifth Armies, in appalling winter conditions

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1914-11-18Cape Sarych

In November 1914, two Ottoman warships under the German Admiral Wilhelm Souchon engaged a Russian fleet in a short action

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Though British divisions were involved in most phases of the fighting, Pozieres is primarily remembered as an Australian battle

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The Ottoman divisions attacked on May 21, but after three days of fierce combat the Armenians remained firm and the Ottoman regiments retreated in defeat

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1915-04-251915-05-03Landing at Anzac Cove

The landing, north of Gaba Tepe on the Aegean coast of the Peninsula, was made by soldiers of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps and was the first significant combat of the war for these two countries

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1915-01-281915-02-03First Suez Offensive

Following Egypt's entry into the war in support of the British, consideration had to be given to two possible threats; the anti-British sentiment felt by many Arab citizens of Egypt and the possibility of attack from the Ottoman Army

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1918-09-05Action of 5 September 1918

was a former German ocean liner named SS Kronprinzessin Cecilie

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1914-09-227th Cruiser Squadron (United Kingdom)

It was employed patrolling an area of the North Sea known as the 'Broad Fourteens' in support of vessels guarding the northern entrance to the Channel

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Following the first victory of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign at the Romani on 4 August 1916, British forces had been on the offensive in the Sinai

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The battle remains known in history for the great number of casualties that the Serbian army suffered and for the extraordinary force that both sides showed

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1918-01-20Imbros (1918)

The battle occurred on 20 January 1918 when an Ottoman squadron engaged a flotilla of the British Royal Navy off the island of Imbros in the Aegean Sea

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1914-08-12Haelen (1914)

Haelen (Dutch: Halen) was a small market town along the principal axis of advance of the German imperial army and provided a good crossing point over the river Gete

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Guillemont lay on the right flank of the British sector where it linked with French forces and by holding it, the Germans prevented the Allied armies from operating in unison

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1918-09-191918-10-01Megiddo (1918)

When he was made a viscount, Allenby took the name of this battle as his title, becoming the First Viscount Allenby of Megiddo

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1915-08-261915-09-19Sventiany Offensive

On September 9 the Germans broke the Russian defence and six cavalry divisions were thrown into breach

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1916-07-14Bazentin Ridge

Dismissed beforehand by one French commander as 'an attack organized for amateurs by amateurs', it turned out to be 'hugely successful' for the British, in complete contrast to the disaster of the first day on the Somme

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1914-09-091914-09-14First the Masurian Lakes

Further progress was hampered by the arrival of the Russian Tenth Army on the Germans' left flank

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1917-11-201917-12-08Cambrai (1917)

Cambrai, in the (Nord-Pas-de-Calais), was a key supply point for the German Siegfried Stellung (part of the Hindenburg Line) and the nearby Bourlon Ridge would be an excellent gain from which to threaten the rear of the German line to the north

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By capturing Basra, the British had taken an important communications and industrial centre

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1916-02-051916-04-15Trebizond Campaign

It was the logistical step after the Erzerum Campaign

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1914-09-291914-10-31The Vistula River

When the Austro-Hungarian Army was being driven from Galicia in the Battle of Galicia, the German industrial area of Upper Silesia, left undefended by German troops, was threatened with a Russian offensive into the heart of Germany

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1916-06-021916-06-14Mont Sorrel

In an effort to pull British resources from the observed build-up in the Somme, the XIII (Royal Wurttemberg) Corps and the 117th Infantry Division attacked an arc of high ground positions defended by the Canadian Corps

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1914-09-131914-09-28First the Aisne

The offensive began on the evening of 13 September, after a hasty pursuit of the Germans

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Using the 'bite and hold' tactic (where the objective was limited to what could be captured and successfully held), the attacking Allied forces conducted an attack on well-entrenched German forces, and showed that it was possible for the allies to suc...

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The British objective was the destruction of the Bukoba wireless station

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The battle lasted from March 8 to March 13, 1918 over the city of Bakhmach (), today in Ukraine

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The battle also marked the third use of specialist Royal Engineer tunnelling companies, who deployed mines underground to disrupt enemy defence lines through the use of tunnels and the detonation of large amounts of explosives at zero hour

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1916-07-011916-07-13Albert (1916)

General Rawlinson, as the commander of the British Fourth Army, which had the major responsibility in the battle, originally proposed an initial offensive limited to gaining a foothold in part of the German first line and holding it against expected G...

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1914-10-17Battle off Texel

The British forces attacked and sank the entire German flotilla of four torpedo-boats

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1917-04-201917-04-21Dover Strait (1917)

Royal Navy destroyers defeated a superior force of torpedo boats (the British had lost one destroyer, a transport, and several drifters while the Germans themselves suffered only minor damage to a single torpedo boat

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1916-09-171916-09-19First Cobadin

The battle ended in Entente tactical victory and forced the Central Powers to hold their offensive and assume a defensive stance till the middle of October

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1914-08-231914-08-30Tannenberg (1914)

The battle resulted in the almost complete destruction of the Russian Second Army

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1916-11-131916-11-18The Ancre

Launched on 13 November 1916 by the British Fifth Army (formerly the Reserve Army) of Lieutenant General Hubert Gough, the objective of the battle was as much political as military

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1916-10-191916-10-25Second Cobadin

The battle ended in decisive victory for the Central Powers and the occupation of the strategic port of Constanta and capture of the railway between that city and Cernavoda

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The Austro-Hungarian First Army defeated the Russian Fourth Army

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It was the first major event of the war in Africa and saw the British defeated by a significantly smaller force of German Askaris and colonial volunteers

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It was fought between the German and French armies, from 21 February-18 December 1916, on hilly terrain north of the city of Verdun-sur-Meuse in north-eastern France

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1914-10-311914-11-07Siege of Tsingtao

It took place between 31 October and 7 November 1914 and was fought by Imperial Japan and the United Kingdom against Germany

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1916-01-101916-02-16Erzurum Offensive

Ottoman forces, in winter quarters, suffered a series of unexpected reverses that led to a decisive Russian victory

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The battle, which was part of the Sixth Battle of the Isonzo, took place on a strategic area the westernmost edge of the Kras plateau

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Anticipating an Ottoman armistice following the defeat of the Ottomans in Palestine and the recent surrender of Bulgaria, British Premier David Lloyd George ordered Sir William Marshall, Commander-in-Chief on the Mesopotamian front, to remove any resi...

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1914-09-041914-09-13Grand Couronne

The battle was fought from the 4th to 13 of September 1914, between the 6th German Army commanded by Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria and the 2nd French Army commanded by Noel de Castelnau

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1917-11-171917-12-30Jerusalem (1917)

Also included in these Jerusalem Operations was the subsidiary Battle of Jaffa fought on 21-22 December 1917 between the Tul Keram-Junction Station-Jaffa railway and the sea

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1918-01-011918-09-03San Matteo

At the beginning of 1918 Austro-Hungarian troops set up a fortified position with small artillery pieces on the top of the San Matteo Peak, from which they were able to shell the road to the Gavia Pass and thus harass the Italian supply convoys to the...

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The Armenians' role during this battle was so prominent that their efforts were recognized by the top commanders of the Allied Force

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1918-07-21Attack on Orleans

An Imperial German U-boat opened fire on the American town of Orleans, Massachusetts and several merchant vessels nearby

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1917-02-23Second Kut

The battle was part of the British advance to Baghdad begun in December 1916 by a 50,000-man British force (mainly from British India) organized in two army corps

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1917-04-221917-05-08Doiran (1917)

The task for the Entente forces on the Macedonian Front was to inflict major defeats on the Bulgarian army and effect a wide breakthrough in the Balkans in a relatively short time

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1916-02-12Salaita Hill

The battle took place on February 12, 1916, as part of the three-pronged offensive into German East Africa launched by General Jan Smuts, who had been given overall command of the Allied forces in the region

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1914-09-01Action at Nery

A British cavalry brigade preparing to leave their overnight bivouac were attacked by a German cavalry division of about twice their strength shortly after dawn

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1916-09-261916-09-28Thiepval Ridge

Thiepval itself was a village on a spur dominating the Ancre valley, although the actual front for the Battle extended from the Schwaben Redoubt to Courcelette

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1915-07-02Aland Islands

It took place in the Baltic Sea off the shores of Gotland, Sweden, a country neutral in World War I

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The battle was the largest naval battle of World War I, and the only full-scale clash of battleships in that war

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This followed Plan XVII, which proposed a French offensive through Lorraine and Alsace, and into Germany itself

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The Russian armies had defeated their opponents and threw them back to the Carpathian mountains

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It was a minor German success, but did little to upset the Russian timetable

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Three divisions of Third Army attacked the village of Havrincourt; the 62nd Division, New Zealand Division and 2nd Division

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1915-04-191915-05-06Van Resistance

Several contemporaneous observers and later historians have pointed out that the Ottoman-Turkish government deliberately instigated the armed Armenian Resistance by enforcing the conditions on their subjects and then used this insurgency as a main pr...

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By capturing Basra, the British had taken an important communications and industrial centre

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1915-12-071916-04-29Siege of Kut

Its known also as 1st Battle of Kut

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1917-04-091917-05-16Arras (1917)

From 9 April to 16 May 1917, British, Canadian, New Zealand, Newfoundland, and Australian troops attacked German trenches near the French city of Arras on the Western Front

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1914-08-28Heligoland Bight (1914)

The German High Seas Fleet remained largely in safe harbours on the north German coast while the British Grand Fleet remained in the northern North Sea

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1918-03-211918-04-05Operation Michael

It was launched from the Hindenburg Line, in the vicinity of Saint-Quentin, France

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1916-08-091916-08-18Doiran (1916)

The attack began on 9 August with heavy artillery fire on the positions of the 27th Chepino Regiment and 9th Plovdiv Regiment

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The battle was part of World War I and took place in the Balkan Theatre

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1915-11-101915-12-04Kosovo Offensive Operation (1915)

The battle began with the forcing of the South Morava by the Bulgarian 1st Army and ended with the total defeat of the Serbian army

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1914-10-161914-10-31The Yser

As part of the execution of the Schlieffen Plan, Belgium had been invaded by Germany

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1914-12-201915-03-17First Champagne

It was effectively the first significant attack by the Allies against the Germans since the construction of trenches following the so-called 'Race to the Sea' during the autumn of 1914

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1914-08-241914-09-07Siege of Maubeuge

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1914-08-291914-08-30St. Quentin (1914)

Quentin (also called the First Battle of Guise (French: )) was fought during World War I

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1918-03-211918-07-18Spring Offensive

The Germans had realised that their only remaining chance of victory was to defeat the Allies before the overwhelming human and materiel resources of the United States could be deployed

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1918-07-18Chateau-Thierry (1918)

It was a battle in World War I as part of the Second Battle of the Marne, initially prompted by a German offensive launched on 15 July against the newest troops on the front, the AEF (American Expeditionary Force)

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