Table of Data Points
|1946-12-13||End of Hostilities|
President Harry Truman officially proclaims the end of hostilities in World War II.
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The formal surrender occurred on September 2, 1945 when representatives from the Empire of Japan signed the Japanese Instrument of Surrender in Tokyo Bay aboard the USS Missouri.
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After several more days of behind-the-scenes negotiations and a failed coup d'Etat, Emperor Hirohito gave a recorded radio address to the nation. Some Japanese soldiers, devastated by the surrender, committed suicide. Many allied POWs were executed.
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|1945-08-12||US rejects Japan's terms|
US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes officially rejects Japans qualified surrender. Japan would not accept any peace conditions that would "prejudice the prerogatives" of the emperor.
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|1945-08-09||Second Atomic Bomb|
On the morning of August 9, 1945, the U.S. B-29 Superfortress Bockscar, flown by the crew of 393rd Squadron commander Major Charles W. Sweeney, carried the nuclear bomb code-named "Fat Man".
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|1945-08-06||First Atomic Bomb|
Hiroshima was the primary target of the first nuclear bombing mission on August 6, with Kokura and Nagasaki being alternative targets.
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|1945-07-30||USS Indianapolis sunk|
USS Indianapolis is sunk by Japanese submarine i-58. 317 of 1,196 crew members survived the sinking.
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|1945-07-27||1945-07-28||Leaflet drops over Japan|
Six b-29 super fortresses dropped leaflets over eleven cities, warning that they would be targets of attacks in the future. The drops were intended to lower moral and also create an impression that the US wanted to minimize civilian casualties.
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|1945-07-26||Little Boy reaches Tinian|
The nine Uranium projectile rings, vital components of the Little Boy atomic bomb destined for Hiroshima, are delivered to Tinian island by the USS Indianapolis.
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Stalin, Churchill, and Truman meet to discuss the post war fate of Germany.
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