Table of Data Points
|1945-04-21||1945-04-30||Battle of Bautzen|
In the last Germany armoured counter attack of the war, and arguably the last military victory, elements of the Fallschirm Panzer and Panzergrenadier Divisions "Hermann Goring" were successful in driving the 2nd Polish army from Bautzen.
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Close to one million Soviet soldiers of the 1st Belorussian Front commanded by Marshal Georgi Zhukov, attacked the position known as "Gates of Berlin". They were opposed by about 110,000 German soldiers of the Ninth Army.
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The German garrison at Poznan capitulates and the city is captured by Soviet and Polish forces.
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Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp. Over one million men, women and children had been murdered at the camp since it's creation in 1940.
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The Soviet 1st Ukrainian front captures Gleiwitz.
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The Soviet 1st Ukrainian front captures Opole.
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The evacuation of troops and civilians from Courland, East Prussia, and the Polish Corridor. Hundreds of merchant vessels and Germany's largest remaining naval vessels would transport hundreds of thousands of evacuees and soldiers across the Baltic.
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|1945-01-20||1945-03-31||East Prussia Evacuated|
German authorities begin the evacuation of over 1.8 million civillian ethnic Germans from East Prussia.
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Soviet troops liberate the Lodz Ghetto (the second largest ghetto in occupied Poland). Of the 200,000 pre-war Jewish inhabitants, only 900 had survived Nazi occupation.
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Nazi forces evacuate Auschwitz concentration camp as Soviet forces close in. The SS command sent orders calling for the execution of all prisoners remaining in the camp, but in the chaos of the Nazi retreat the order was never carried out.
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