Timeline Project entries from 21 June, 2011 to 28 June, 2011

1945-02-17Demolition swimmers.

When swimmers from underwater demolition teams arrived, the big guns on the northern cliffs opened fire on covering gunboats, believing it was part of an invasion force. The guns were knocked out immediately. The single failure of fire discipline.

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In a departure from previous defensive tactics, Japanese troops executed their first major tactical ambush. The change resulted in much higher allied casualties and a much longer campaign.

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1944-07-211944-08-08Second Battle of Guam

As with many of the Pacific battles most of the Japanese defenders refused to surrender. More than 18,040 Japanese troops are killed, 485 surrender.

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1944-08-021944-08-04Mount Barrigada

After a two day struggle at Mount Barrigada the Japanese lines begins to collapse and the remaining days of the campaign are a pursuit to the northern tip of the island. Very few Japanese surrender.

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1944-07-31Beachhead expands

Having linked up the two beachhead the previous day the 77th division and 3rd marine division form a single front moving north along the island.

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The United States 2nd Marine Division, 4th Marine Division, and 27th Infantry Division defeated defending Japanese forces from the 43rd Division. The battle ended a suicidal, Banzai charge, that was the largest in the Pacific war.

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1944-07-061944-07-07Saipan Banzai

650 troops from the 1st and 2nd battalion 105th IR, 27th ID are killed or wounded when their position is overrun by the largest Banzai attack of the world. Over 3000 troops, followed by barely armed walking wounded are killed in the assault.

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1944-06-24Iwo Jima Raid

Vice Admiral Joseph Clark's carrier force raids Iwo Jima destroying 95 fighters bombers at a loss of 6 hellcats.

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1944-06-251944-06-26Mt Tapochau falls

Lt Col Tommy Tompkins and a platoon from the division scout company make the climb to the summit of Mt Tapochau. They hold an abandoned dugout against counter attacks and were then reinforced by Tompkins battalion.

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1944-06-179 Tank Regiment

At 3:30 in the morning the 9th tank regiment, supported by the 113th infantry regiment attacks the left of the US line, held by the 1st battalion, 6th marines. The attack was defeated with all but 12 tanks lost and 700 infantry killed.

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1944-06-19Shokaku sunk

The Japanese carrier Shokaku is sunk by three (or possibly four) torpedos, fired by the US submarine Cavalla (SS-244). Fires started by the explosion proved impossible to control. She sank very quickly, taking 1,272 of her crew with her.

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1944-06-19Taiho Sunk

James Blanchard in command of the submarine USS Albacore manually (the targetting computer had failed) fires a spread of 6 torpedoes at the large carrier Taiho. A single torpedo struct and, as a result of failure to correctly vent fumes, exploded and sunk.

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Australian I Corps troops under, under General Morshead, attacked Japanese troops holding the island. The campaign isolated a large number of Japanese troops, captured major oil supplies and freed many Allied prisoners.

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1944-06-18Aslito Field

Having suffered heavy losses in counter attacks on the previous two nights and under pressure from 27th ID offensive, Lieutenant General Yoshitsugu Saito abandons the southern airfield.

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Buoyed by the promise of the imminent arrival of the combined fleet, Japanese troops counter attack the american beachhead. With overwhelming naval support the attack is repulsed with over 600 Japanese dead.

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1941-10-301942-07-04Siege of Sevastopol

Despite numerous setbacks and high casualties, with the help of highly effective aerial bombardment (to make up for a shortage in artillery), Axis forces capture the port city.

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1942-06-21Fort Lenin falls

The 24th Infantry division attacked the main defensive position on the north side of the bay, the Lenin fort. The extensive defensive position fell having lost three of their four main 76mm guns.

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